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Obsah > Aktuality > Starty raket > Starty raket v roce 1997
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Starty kosmických objektů v roce 1997

Zpět na : [ Obsah | Novinky v kosmonautice | Archiv startů ]

Na následujících řádcích uvádím v originále celý Jonathan's Space Report No.347,
který přináší přehled všech raket a užitečných zatížení vypuštěných v roce 1997.

ORBITAL PAYLOADS 1997

PART 1 - List and current status

 Orbits are given for late Dec 1997:
 perigee (km) x apogee (km) x inclination (deg)


INT'L   NAME            AGENCY  TYPE      LAUNCH     ORBIT OR STATUS
DESIGN.                                   DATE
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
01A  Atlantis STS-81    NASA-JSC  Spaceship  Jan 12 Landed at KSC Jan 22
01A  Spacehab-DM        NASA-JSC  Spacelab   Jan 12 Remained attached to OV-104
F01  GPS 43             USAF      Navsat     Jan 17 Exploded on launch
02A  GE 2               Americom  Comsat     Jan 30 35772x  35801x  0.0  84.9W
02B  Nahuel 1A          Nahuelsat Comsat     Jan 30 35774x  35798x  0.0  71.8W
03A  Soyuz TM-25        RKA       Spaceship  Feb 10 Landed in Kazakstan Aug 14
04A  Discovery STS-82   NASA-JSC  Spaceship  Feb 11 Landed at KSC Feb 21
05A  Haruka             ISAS      Astronomy  Feb 12   569x  21415x 31.4
06A  Kosmos-2337        MO RF     Comsat     Feb 14  1413 x  1428x 82.6
06B  Kosmos-2338        MO RF     Comsat     Feb 14  1413 x  1422x 82.6
06C  Kosmos-2339        MO RF     Comsat     Feb 14  1413 x  1414x 82.6
06D  Gonets-D1 No 4     RKA       Comsat     Feb 14  1401 x  1414x 82.6
06E  Gonets-D1 No 5     RKA       Comsat     Feb 14  1408 x  1414x 82.6
06F  Gonets-D1 No 6     RKA       Comsat     Feb 14  1412 x  1415x 82.6
07A  JCSAT 4            JSAT      Comsat     Feb 17 35780 x 35793x  0.0 150.0E
08A  DSP F18            USAF      EarlyWarn  Feb 24 35780 x 35790x  0.0 (?)
09A  Intelsat 801       Intelsat  Comsat     Mar  1 35772 x 35798x  0.1  64.2E
10A  Zeya               MO RF     Comsat     Mar  4   460 x   472x 97.3
11A  Tempo 2            TCI       Comsat     Mar  8 35765 x 35805 x 0.1 118.7W
12A  DMSP F14           USAF      Weather    Apr  4   842 x   855 x98.9
13A  Columbia STS-83    NASA-JSC  Spaceship  Apr  4 Landed at KSC Apr 8
13A  Spacelab MSL-1     NASA-MSFC Spacelab   Apr  4 Remained attached to OV-102
14A  Progress M-34      RKA       Cargo      Apr  6 Deorbited Jul 2
15A  Kosmos-2340        MO RF     EarlyWarn  Apr  9   823 x 39522 x63.3
16A  Thaicom 3          Shinaw.   Comsat     Apr 16 35762 x 35810 x 0.1  78.5E
16B  BSAT 1A            BSAT      Comsat     Apr 16 35786 x 35787 x 0.0 110.0E
17A  Kosmos-2341        MO RF     Navsat     Apr 17   977 x  1014x 82.9
18A  Minisat 01         INTA      Technology Apr 21   561 x   580x151.0
18B  Celestis           Celestis  Burial     Apr 21   553 x   581x151.0
19A  GOES 10            NOAA      Weather    Apr 25 35759 x 35818x  0.0 105.7W
20A  Iridium 8          Iridium   Comsat     May  5   774 x   780x 86.4
20B  Iridium 7          Iridium   Comsat     May  5   774 x   780x 86.4
20C  Iridium 6          Iridium   Comsat     May  5   774 x   781x 86.4
20D  Iridium 5          Iridium   Comsat     May  5   770 x   784x 86.4
20E  Iridium 4          Iridium   Comsat     May  5   772 x   782x 86.4
21A  Zhongxing 6        Chinasat  Comsat     May 11 35776 x 35797x  0.0 125.0E
22A  Kosmos-2342        MO RF     EarlyWarn  May 14   925 x 39426x 63.0
23A  Atlantis STS-84    NASA-JSC  Spaceship  May 15 Landed at KSC May 24
23A  Spacehab DM        NASA-JSC  Spacelab   May 15 Remained attached to OV-104
24A  Kosmos-2343        MO RF     Recon      May 15 Deorbited Sep 18
F02  Kosmos             MO RF     Sig Intel  May 20 Fell 27 km from launch site
25A  Thor 2             Telenor   Comsat     May 21 35778x  35794x  0.0   0.8W
26A  Telstar 5          Loral/Sky Comsat     May 24 35773x  35799x  0.0  97.0W
27A  Inmarsat 3F4       Inmarsat  Comsat     Jun  3 35770x  35805x  0.0  54.0W
27B  Insat 2D           ISRO      Comsat     Jun  3 35713x  35859x  0.4  74.1E
28A  Kosmos-2344        MO RF     Recon      Jun  6  1502x   2739x 63.4
29A  Fengyun 2          CASC      Weather    Jun 10 35783x  35784x  0.8 104.6E
30A  Iridium 14         Iridium   Comsat     Jun 18   775x    780x 86.4
30B  Iridium 12         Iridium   Comsat     Jun 18   776x    778x 86.4
30C  Iridium 10         Iridium   Comsat     Jun 18   777x    777x 86.4
30D  Iridium  9         Iridium   Comsat     Jun 18   775x    779x 86.4
30E  Iridium 13         Iridium   Comsat     Jun 18   777x    778x 86.4
30F  Iridium 16         Iridium   Comsat     Jun 18   776x    778x 86.4
30G  Iridium 11         Iridium   Comsat     Jun 18   758x    763x 86.4
31A  Intelsat 802       Intelsat  Comsat     Jun 25 35779x  35792x  0.1 174.1E
32A  Columbia STS-94    NASA-JSC  Spaceship  Jul  1 Landed at KSC Jul 17
32A  Spacelab MSL-1R    NASA-MSFC Spacelab   Jul  1 Remained attached to OV-102
33A  Progress M-35      RKA       Cargo      Jul  5 Deorbited over Pacific Oct 8
34A  Iridium 15         Iridium   Comsat     Jul  9   775x    779x 86.4
34B  Iridium 17         Iridium   Comsat     Jul  9   775x    780x 86.4
34C  Iridium 18         Iridium   Comsat     Jul  9   764x    770 86.4
34D  Iridium 20         Iridium   Comsat     Jul  9   775x    779x 86.4
34E  Iridium 21         Iridium   Comsat     Jul  9   626x    645x 86.4
35A  GPS 43             USAF      Navsat     Jul 23 20131x  20237x 55.0
36A  Superbird C        SCC       Comsat     Jul 28 35780x  35793x  0.0 144.0E
37A  Orbview-2          Orbimage  Imaging    Aug  1   707x    708x 98.2
38A  Soyuz TM-26        RKA       Spaceship  Aug  5 Docked to Mir
39A  Discovery STS-85   NASA-JSC  Spaceship  Aug  7 Landed at KSC Aug 19
39B  CRISTA             DLR       Research   Aug  7 Recaptured Aug 16
40A  PAS 6              Panamsat  Comsat     Aug  8 35776x  35797x  0.1  43.2W
41A  Kosmos-2345        MO RF     EarlyWarn  Aug 14 35037 x 36534 x 1.1  26.0W
42A  Agila 2            Mabuhay   Comsat     Aug 19 35771x  35803x  0.0 146.0E
43A  Iridium 26         Iridium   Comsat     Aug 21   765x    770x 86.4
43B  Iridium 25         Iridium   Comsat     Aug 21   775x    779x 86.4
43C  Iridium 24         Iridium   Comsat     Aug 21   776x    779x 86.4
43D  Iridium 23         Iridium   Comsat     Aug 21   776x    779x 86.4
43E  Iridium 22         Iridium   Comsat     Aug 21   776x    779x 86.4
44A  Lewis              NASA      Imaging    Aug 23 Reentered Sep 28
45A  ACE                NASA/APL  Research   Aug 25 Earth-Sun L1 point
46A  PAS 5              Panamsat  Comsat     Aug 28 35769x  35803x  0.0  58.0W
47A  FORTE              USAF      Research   Aug 29   799x    833x 70.0
48A  Iridium MFS 1      CALT      Dummy      Sep  1   623x    631x 86.3
48B  Iridium MFS 2      CALT      Dummy      Sep  1   623x    632x 86.3
49A  Hot Bird 3         Eutelsat  Comsat     Sep  2 35762x  35806x  0.1  13.3E
49B  Meteosat 7         Eumetsat  Weather    Sep  2 35770x  35802x  1.6  10.2W
50A  GE 3               Americom  Comsat     Sep  4 35776x  35797x  0.0  87.1W
51A  Iridium 29         Iridium   Comsat     Sep 14   775x    780x 86.4
51B  Iridium 32         Iridium   Comsat     Sep 14   776x    779x 86.4
51C  Iridium 33         Iridium   Comsat     Sep 14   776x    779x 86.4
51D  Iridium 27         Iridium   Comsat     Sep 14   551x    558x 86.4
51E  Iridium 28         Iridium   Comsat     Sep 14   774x    780x 86.4
51F  Iridium 30         Iridium   Comsat     Sep 14   776x    778x 86.4
51G  Iridium 31         Iridium   Comsat     Sep 14   775x    779x 86.4
52A  Kosmos-2346        AO Polyot Navsat     Sep 23   937x    997x 82.9
52B  FAISAT-2V          FAI       Comsat     Sep 23   937x    997x 82.9
53A  Intelsat 803       Intelsat  Comsat     Sep 23 35776x  35795x  0.0 21.4W
54A  Molniya-1T         MO RF     Comsat     Sep 24   580x  39771x 62.9
55A  Atlantis STS-86    NASA-JSC  Spaceship  Sep 26 Landed at KSC Oct 6
55A  Spacehab-DM        NASA-JSC  Spacelab   Sep 26 Remained attached to OV-104
56A  Iridium 19         Iridium   Comsat     Sep 27   775x    779x 86.4
56B  Iridium 37         Iridium   Comsat     Sep 27   776x    779x 86.4
56C  Iridium 36         Iridium   Comsat     Sep 27   776x    778x 86.4
56D  Iridium 35         Iridium   Comsat     Sep 27   776x    779x 86.4
56E  Iridium 34         Iridium   Comsat     Sep 27   776x    779x 86.4
57A  IRS-1D             ISRO      Imaging    Sep 29   737x    827x 98.6
58A  Progress M-36      RKA       Cargo      Oct  5 Deorbited over Pacific Dec 19
59A  Echostar 3         Echostar  Comsat     Oct  5 35777x  35794x  0.0  61.4W
60A  Foton No. 11       RKA       Micrograv  Oct  9 Landed in Kazakstan Oct 23
60A  Mirka              DLR       Micrograv  Oct  9 Landed in Kazakstan Oct 23
61A  Cassini            NASA/JPL  Probe      Oct 15 En route Venus
61B  Huygens            ESA       Probe      Oct 15 Attached to Cassini
62A  Apstar 2R          APT       Comsat     Oct 16 35774x  35798x  0.0  76.5E
63A  STEP M4            USAF      Research   Oct 22   432x    500x 45.0
64A  LACROSSE 3?        NRO/CIA   Recon      Oct 24   666x    679x 57.0
65A  DSCS III B-13      USAF      Comsat     Oct 25 35770x  35800x  0.0 (?)
65B  Falcon Gold        USAF      Research   Oct 25   151x  34457x 26.2
66A  MAQSAT-H/TEAMSAT   ESA       Research   Oct 30   530x  26633x  7.9
66B  MAQSAT-B/EPS       ESA       Test       Oct 30   529x  26537x  7.9
66C  YES                ESA       Research   Oct 30   544x  26625x  7.9
F03  SCD-2A             INPE      Research   Nov  2 Destroyed during launch
58C  Sputnik-40         ACF/AFR   Amateur    Nov  3   369x    378x 51.6
67A  GPS 38             USAF      Navsat     Nov  5 19910x  20449x 54.9
68A  TRUMPET 3?         NRO/NSA?  Sig Intell Nov  8  1100x  39059x 63.6 (?)
69A  Iridium 43         Iridium   Comsat     Nov  9   776x    778x 86.4
69B  Iridium 41         Iridium   Comsat     Nov  9   775x    779x 86.4
69C  Iridium 40         Iridium   Comsat     Nov  9   767x    771x 86.4
69D  Iridium 39         Iridium   Comsat     Nov  9   775x    780x 86.4
69E  Iridium 38         Iridium   Comsat     Nov  9   768x    771x 86.4
70A  Kupon              TsBank RF Comsat     Nov 11 35778x  35792x  0.0
71A  Sirius 2           NSAB      Comsat     Nov 11 35781x  35791x  0.1   4.8E
71B  Cakrawarta 1       Indostar  Comsat     Nov 11 35756x  35859x  0.2 100.6E
72A  Resurs F-1M        RKA       Imaging    Nov 17 Landed in Kazakstan Dec 13
73A  Columbia STS-87    NASA-JSC  Spaceship  Nov 19 Landed at KSC Dec 5
73B  Spartan 201        NASA-GSFC Astronomy  Nov 21 Retrieved by OV-102 Nov 25
74A  TRMM               NASA-GSFC Research   Nov 27   344x    347x 35.0
74B  Hikoboshi          NASDA     Research   Nov 27   545x    548x 35.0
74C  Orihime            NASDA     Research   Nov 27 Attached to Hikoboshi
75A  JCSAT 5            JSAT      Comsat     Dec  2 35784x  35790x  0.1 139.4E
75B  Equator-S          MPE       Research   Dec  2   496x  67232x  4.0
76A  Astra 1G           SES       Comsat     Dec  2 35341x  36234x  0.1  23.9E
73   AERCam-Sprint      NASA-JSC  Support    Dec  3 Retrieved by OV-102 Dec 3
77A  Iridium 42         Iridium   Comsat     Dec  8   768x    770x 86.4
77B  Iridium 44         Iridium   Comsat     Dec  8   775x    779x 86.4
78A  Galaxy 8i          Panamsat  Comsat     Dec  8 35781x  35799x  0.0  79.2W
79A  Kosmos-2347        MO RF     Recon      Dec 15   403x    417x 65.0
80A  Kosmos-2348        MO RF     Recon      Dec 15   175x    361x 67.1
58D  X-Mir Inspector    DASA-B    Support    Dec 17   377x    387x 51.7
81A  Progress M-37      RKA       Cargo      Dec 20 Docked to Kvant
82A  Iridium 45         Iridium   Comsat     Dec 20   660x    676x 86.6
82B  Iridium 46         Iridium   Comsat     Dec 20   668x    671x 86.6
82C  Iridium 47         Iridium   Comsat     Dec 20   688x    694x 86.6
82D  Iridium 48         Iridium   Comsat     Dec 20   696x    702x 86.6
82E  Iridium 49         Iridium   Comsat     Dec 20   690x    696x 86.6
83A  Intelsat 804       Intelsat  Comsat     Dec 21 35767x  35805x  0.1  47.0E
84A  Orbcomm FM-5       Orbcomm   Comsat     Dec 23   815x    821x 45.0
84B  Orbcomm FM-6       Orbcomm   Comsat     Dec 23   814x    823x 45.0
84C  Orbcomm FM-7       Orbcomm   Comsat     Dec 23   815x    823x 45.0
84D  Orbcomm FM-8       Orbcomm   Comsat     Dec 23   815x    823x 45.0
84E  Orbcomm FM-9       Orbcomm   Comsat     Dec 23   817x    822x 45.0
84F  Orbcomm FM-10      Orbcomm   Comsat     Dec 23   816x    826x 45.0
84G  Orbcomm FM-11      Orbcomm   Comsat     Dec 23   816x    825x 45.0
84H  Orbcomm FM-12      Orbcomm   Comsat     Dec 23   817x    824x 45.0
85A  EarlyBird          EWatch    Imaging    Dec 24   479x    488x 97.3
86A  Asiasat 3          Asiasat   Comsat     Dec 31   370x  35987x 51.1


PART 2: Manufacturers/Designers.

Des  Name               Manufacturer     Bus
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
01A  OV-104             Boeing-NA        Shuttle
01A  Spacehab-DM        Boeing-HB/Alenia Spacehab
F01  GPS SVN 43         LM-VF            LM4000
02A  GE 3               LM-EW            A2100
02B  Nahuel 1A          Aerospatiale     Spacebus 2000
03A  7K-STM No. 74      Energiya         7K-TM
04A  OV-103             Boeing-NA        Shuttle
05A  MUSES B            NEC              MUSES B
06A  Strela-3           PM               Strela-3
06B  Strela-3           PM               Strela-3
06C  Strela-3           PM               Strela-3
06D  Gonets-D1 No. 4    PM               Strela-3
06E  Gonets-D1 No. 5    PM               Strela-3
06F  Gonets-D1 No. 6    PM               Strela-3
07A  JCSAT-4            Hughes           HS-601
08A  DSP 18             TRW              DSP Block 14
09A  Intelsat 801       LM-EW            LM7000
10A  Zeya No. 1         PM               Strela-1M
11A  Tempo 2            Loral            FS-1300
12A  DMSP S14           LM-EW            DMSP 5D-2
13A  OV-102             Boeing-NA        Shuttle
13A  Spacelab LM Unit 1 DASA-ERNO        Spacelab Long Module
14A  7K-TGM No. 234     Energiya         7K-TGM
15A  Oko                Lavochkin        Oko
16A  Thaicom 3          Aerospatiale     Spacebus 3000
16B  BSAT 1A            Hughes           HS-376
17A  Parus              Polyot           Parus
18A  Minisat 01         CASA             Minisat 0
18B  CPAC               Orbital-G        CPAC
19A  GOES K             Loral            GOES-I
20A  Iridium SV008      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
20B  Iridium SV007      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
20C  Iridium SV006      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
20D  Iridium SV005      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
20E  Iridium SV004      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
21A  DFH-3              CAST/DASA-MBB    DFH-3
22A  Oko                Lavochkin        Oko
23A  OV-104             Boeing-NA        Shuttle
23A  Spacehab-DM        Boeing-HB/Alenia Spacehab
24A  (Yantar')          Progress         Yantar'-?
F02  Tselina-2          Yuzhnoe          Tselina-2
25A  Thor 2             Hughes           HS-376HP
26A  Telstar 5          Loral            FS-1300
27A  Inmarsat 3 F4      LM-EW            LM4000
27B  Insat 2D           ISRO             Insat 2
28A  (Arkon-1)          Lavochkin        Arkon-1
29A  FY-2               Shanghai-ARTI    FY-2
30A  Iridium SV014      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
30B  Iridium SV012      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
30C  Iridium SV010      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
30D  Iridium SV009      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
30E  Iridium SV013      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
30F  Iridium SV016      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
30G  Iridium SV011      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
31A  Intelsat 802       LM-EW            LM7000
32A  OV-102             Boeing-NA        Shuttle
32A  Spacelab LM Unit 1 DASA-ERNO        Spacelab Long Module
33A  7K-TGM No. 235     Energiya         7K-TGM
34A  Iridium SV015      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
34B  Iridium SV017      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
34C  Iridium SV018      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
34D  Iridium SV020      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
34E  Iridium SV021      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
35A  GPS SVN43          LM-VF            LM4000
36A  Superbird C        Hughes           HS-601
37A  Orbview-2          Orbital-G        Pegastar
38A  7K-STM No. 75      Energiya         7K-STM
39A  OV-103             Boeing-NA        Shuttle
39B  ASTRO-SPAS         DASA-ERNO        ASTRO-SPAS
40A  PAS 6              Loral            FS-1300
41A  Oko?               Lavochkin        Oko?
42A  Agila 2            Loral            FS-1300
43A  Iridium SV026      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
43B  Iridium SV025      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
43C  Iridium SV024      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
43D  Iridium SV023      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
43E  Iridium SV022      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
44A  Lewis              TRW-C            Lewis
45A  ACE                APL              AMPTE-CCE
46A  PAS 5              Hughes           HS-601HP
47A  FORTE              LANL             FORTE
48A  Iridium MFS1       Motorola/LM-S    LM700
48B  Iridium MFS2       Motorola/LM-S    LM700
49A  Hot Bird 3         MMS-F            Eurostar 2000+
49B  MTP                Aerospatiale     Meteosat
50A  GE 3               LM-EW            A2100
51A  Iridium SV029      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
51B  Iridium SV032      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
51C  Iridium SV033      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
51D  Iridium SV027      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
51E  Iridium SV028      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
51F  Iridium SV030      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
51G  Iridium SV031      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
52A  Parus              PM               Parus
52B  FAISAT 2V          Polyot/FAI       FAISAT
53A  Intelsat 803       LM-EW            LM7000
54A  Molniya-1T         PM               Molniya-1T
55A  OV-104             Boeing-NA        Shuttle
55A  Spacehab-DM        Boeing-HB/Alenia Spacehab
56A  Iridium SV019      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
56B  Iridium SV037      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
56C  Iridium SV036      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
56D  Iridium SV035      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
56E  Iridium SV034      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
57A  IRS-1D             ISRO             IRS
58A  7K-TGM No. 235     Energiya         7K-TGM
59A  Echostar 3         LM-S             A2100
60A  Foton No. 11       Progress         Foton
60A  Mirka              Kayser-Threde    Mirka
61A  Cassini            JPL              Cassini
61B  Huygens            Aerospatiale     Huygens
62A  Apstar 2R          Loral            FS-1300
63A  STEP M4            TRW-C/Orbital-M  Eagle
64A  LACROSSE           LM-A             LACROSSE
65A  DSCS III B-13      LM-VF            DSCS III
65B  Falcon Gold        AF Academy       Falcon Gold
66A  MAQSAT-H           Kayser-Threde    MAQSAT
66B  MAQSAT-B           Kayser-Threde    MAQSAT
66C  YES                ESA-ESTEC        YES
F03  SCD-2A             INPE             SCD
58C  Spoutnik 40 Ans    AFR              PS Model
67A  GPS SVN 38         Boeing-SB        GPS Block IIA
68A  TRUMPET            Boeing-K         TRUMPET
69A  Iridium SV043      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
69B  Iridium SV041      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
69C  Iridium SV040      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
69D  Iridium SV039      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
69E  Iridium SV038      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
70A  Kupon              Lavochkin        Kupon
71A  Sirius 2           Aerospatiale     Spacebus 3000-B
71B  Indostar           Orbital-M        Starbus
72A  Resurs F-1M        Progress         Resurs F-1
73A  OV-102             Boeing-NA        Shuttle
73B  Spartan 201        NASA-GSFC        Spartan 200
74A  TRMM               NASA-GSFC        TRMM
74B  ETS-7              Toshiba          ETS-7
74   ETS-7 Target       Toshiba          ETS-7 Target
75A  JCSAT 5            Hughes           HS-601
75B  Equator-S          MPE              Equator-S
76A  Astra 1G           Hughes           HS-601HP
73   Sprint             NASA-JSC         AERCam/SAFER
77A  Iridium SV042      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
77B  Iridium SV044      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
78A  Galaxy 8i          Hughes           HS-601HP
79A  US-PM              Arsenal/Kometa   US-P
80A  Kobalt             Progress         Yantar'-4
58D  Inspector          DASA-ERNO        Inspector
81A  7K-TGM No. 237     Energiya         7K-TGM
82A  Iridium SV045      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
82B  Iridium SV046      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
82C  Iridium SV047      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
82D  Iridium SV048      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
82E  Iridium SV049      Motorola/LM-S    LM700
83A  Intelsat 804       LM-EW            LM7000
84E  Orbcomm FM-5       Orbital-G        Microstar
84F  Orbcomm FM-6       Orbital-G        Microstar
84G  Orbcomm FM-7       Orbital-G        Microstar
84H  Orbcomm FM-8       Orbital-G        Microstar
84A  Orbcomm FM-9       Orbital-G        Microstar
84B  Orbcomm FM-10      Orbital-G        Microstar
84C  Orbcomm FM-11      Orbital-G        Microstar
84D  Orbcomm FM-12      Orbital-G        Microstar
85A  EarlyBird          Orbital-M        EarlyBird
86A  Asiasat 3          Hughes           HS-601HP

PART 3 - Abbreviations for Organizations

ACF             Aero Club de France, Reunion chapter
Aerospatiale    Aerospatiale, Cannes, France
AF Academy      USAF Academy, Colorado Springs
AFR             Astronautical Federation of Russia, Kabardin-Balakarsk chapter
Alenia          Alenia Spazio, Torino, Italy
Americom        GE American Communications
APL             Applied Physics Lab, Johns Hopkins Univ., Laurel, MD.
APT             Asia Pacific Telecom, Hong Kong
Arsenal         KB Arsenal, Sankt-Peterburg
Boeing-K        Boeing, Kent/Seattle
Boeing-NA       Boeing North American, Palmdale (formerly Rockwell)
Boeing-SB       Boeing North American, Seal Beach (formerly Rockwell)
BSAT            Broadcasting Satellite System Corp, Tokyo
CALT            China Academy of Launch Vehicle Tech., Beijing
CASA            CASA, Madrid
CASC            China Aerospace Corp.
CAST            China Acad. Space Tech., Beijing
Celestis        Celestis Inc., Florida
Chinasat        China Telecomms Broadcast Satellite Co., Beijing
CIA             Central Intelligence Agency, USA
DASA-ERNO       Daimler-Benz Aerospace, Bremen (formerly ERNO)
DASA-MBB        Daimler-Benz Aerospace, Munchen (formerly MBB)
DLR             Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fur Luft- und Raumfahrt, Koln
Echostar        Echostar Communications Corp., Englewood
Energiya        RKK Energiya im. S.P. Korolyov, Kaliningrad-Korolyov
ESA             European Space Agency
ESA-ESTEC       European Space Tech. Centre, Noordwijk
EWatch          EarthWatch, Longmont
Eumetsat        European Meteorological Sat. Org.
Eutelsat        European Telecommunications Sat. Org.
FAI             Final Analysis Inc., Greenbelt
Hughes          Hughes Space and Communications, El Segundo
Indostar        PT Media Citra Indostar, Jakarta
Inmarsat        International Maritime Satellite Organization, London
INPE            Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espacias, Sao Jose dos Campos
INTA            Instituto Nacional de Tecnica Aeroespacial, Torrejon, Madrid
Intelsat        International Telecommunications Sat. Org., Washington DC.
Iridium         Iridium Inc., Washington DC.
ISAS            Institute of Space and Astronautical Sciences, Tokyo
ISRO            Indian Space Research Organization
JPL             Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena
JSAT            Japan Satellite Systems, Tokyo
Kayser-Threde   Kayser-Threde, Munchen
Kometa          TsNPO Kometa, Moskva
LANL            Los Alamos National Labs
Lavochkin       NPO Lavochkin, Moskva
LM-A            Lockheed Martin Astronautics, Denver (formerly Martin)
LM-EW           Lockheed Martin Telecommunications, East Windsor (formerly RCA)
LM-S            Lockheed Martin, Sunnyvale (formerly Lockheed)
LM-VF           Lockheed Martin, Valley Forge (formerly GE)
Loral           Space Systems/Loral, Palo Alto
Loral/Sky       Loral Skynet, Bedminster (was AT&T Skynet)
Mabuhay         Mabuhay Comms Corp, Manila.
MMS-F           Matra Marconi Space-France, Toulouse
MO RF           Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation
Motorola        Motorola Satellite, Chandler
MPE             Max-Planck-Institut fur Extraterrestrische Physik, Garching
Nahuelsat       Nahuelsat, Buenos Aires, Argentina
NASA            National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA
NASA-GSFC       NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt.
NASA-JSC        NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston.
NASA-MSFC       NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville
NASDA           National Space Development Agency, Japan
NEC             Nippon Electric Corp, Tokyo
NOAA            National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, USA
NRO             US National Reconnaissance Office, Chantilly
NSA             US National Security Agency, Fort Meade
NSAB            Nordiska Satellit AB, Solna, Stockholm
Orbcomm         Orbital Communications Corp, Dulles
Orbimage        Orbital Imaging Corp., Dulles
Orbital-G       Orbital Sciences Corp., Germantown (formerly Fairchild)
Orbital-M       Orbital Sciences Corp., McLean (formerly DSI and CTA)
Panamsat        Panamsat Inc. Greenwich, Connecticut
PM              NPO Prikladnoi Mekhaniki, Zhelenogorsk
Polyot          AKO Polyot, Omsk
Progress        TsSKB-Progress, Samara
RKA             Russian Space Agency
SCC             Space Communications Corp, Tokyo
SES             Societe Europeene des Satellites, Luxembourg
Shanghai-ARTI   Shanghai Aerospace Research Tech. Inst.
Shinaw.         Shinawatra Satellite, Bangkok
TCI             Telecommunications Inc., Englewood
Telenor         Telenor, Oslo
Toshiba         Toshiba Corp., Tokyo
TRW             TRW, Redondo Beach
TRW-C           TRW, Chantilly
TsBank RF       Central Bank of the Russian Federation, Moskva
USAF            United States Air Force
Yuzhnoe         KB Yuzhnoe, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine


PART 4 - Launch Vehicles

 Launch vehicles are listed by type, in order of number of
launches. The totals are similar to last year,
with an increase in the number of Chinese launches, while
the Russian totals have stabilized.

US vehicles:            Launched        Failures
 NASA Space Shuttle     8               0
 Lockheed Martin Titan  5               0
 Lockheed Martin Atlas  8               0
 Lockheed Martin Athena 1               0
 Boeing Delta           11              1
 OSC Pegasus            5               0
38 
Russian vehicles:
 TsSKB-Progress Soyuz   13              0
 Krunichev Proton       9               1*
 Polyot Kosmos          2               0
 Kompleks Start         2               0
26
Other vehicles:
 Arianespace Ariane     11              0
 Arianespace Ariane-5   1               0+
 NASDA H-II             1               0
 China Long March       6               0+
 Yuzhnoe Tsiklon        2               0
 Yuzhnoe Zenit          1               1
 ISRO PSLV              1               0+ 
 ISAS M-V               1               0
 INPE VLS               1               1
--------------------------------------------
Total                  89               4

*: Reached an orbit despite failure
+: One launch reached lower than planned orbit,
   but not enough to count as a failure.

TsSKB-Progress Soyuz (13)

 Feb 10                 Soyuz-U         GIK-5 LC1
 Apr  6                 Soyuz-U         GIK-5 LC1
 Apr  9                 Molniya-M/2BL   GIK-1 LC16-2
 May 14                 Molniya-M/2BL   GIK-1 LC43-4
 May 15                 Soyuz-U         GIK-5 LC31
 Jul  5                 Soyuz-U         GIK-5 LC1
 Aug  5                 Soyuz-U         GIK-5 LC1
 Sep 24                 Molniya-M/ML    GIK-1 LC43-4
 Oct  5                 Soyuz-U         GIK-5 LC1
 Oct  9                 Soyuz-U         GIK-1
 Nov 18                 Soyuz-U         GIK-1
 Dec 15                 Soyuz-U         GIK-1
 Dec 20                 Soyuz-U         GIK-5 LC1

Boeing Delta (11)

 Jan 17 Delta 241       Delta 7925      CC LC17A
 May  5 Delta 242       Delta 7920-10C  V SLC2W
 May 20 Delta 243       Delta 7925      CC LC17A
 Jul  9 Delta 244       Delta 7920-10C  V SLC2W
 Jul 23 Delta 245       Delta 7925      CC LC17A
 Aug 21 Delta 246       Delta 7920-10C  V SLC2W
 Aug 25 Delta 247       Delta 7920-8    CC LC17A
 Sep 27 Delta 248       Delta 7920-10C  V SLC2W
 Nov  6 Delta 249       Delta 7925      CC LC17A
 Nov  9 Delta 250       Delta 7920-10C  V SLC2W
 Dec 20 Delta 251       Delta 7920-10C  V SLC2W

Arianespace Ariane (11)

 Jan 30 V93             Ariane 44L      CSG ELA2
 Mar  1 V94             Ariane 44P      CSG ELA2
 Apr 16 V95             Ariane 44LP     CSG ELA2
 Jun  3 V97             Ariane 44L      CSG ELA2
 Jun 25 V96             Ariane 44P      CSG ELA2
 Aug  8 V98             Ariane 44P      CSG ELA2
 Sep  2 V99             Ariane 44LP     CSG ELA2
 Sep 23 V100            Ariane 42L      CSG ELA2
 Nov 12 V102            Ariane 44L      CSG ELA2
 Dec  2 V103            Ariane 44P      CSG ELA2
 Dec 22 V104            Ariane 42L      CSG ELA2

Krunichev Proton (9)

 May 24 380-02          Proton-K/DM4    GIK-5 LC81L
 Jun  6 380-01          Proton-K/DM5    GIK-5 LC200L
 Jun 18 390-02          Proton-K/DM2    GIK-5 LC200L
 Aug 14 381-01          Proton-K/DM-2   GIK-5 LC200L
 Aug 28 387-02          Proton-K/DM3    GIK-5 LC81L
 Sep 14 391-01          Proton-K/DM2    GIK-5 LC81L
 Nov 12                 Proton-K/DM-2   GIK-5 LC200L
 Dec  2 382-02          Proton-K/DM3    GIK-5 LC81L
 Dec 24 394-01          Proton-K/DM3    GIK-5 LC81L

NASA Space Shuttle (8)

 Jan 12 STS-81          Shuttle         KSC LC39B
 Feb 11 STS-82          Shuttle         KSC LC39A
 Apr  4 STS-83          Shuttle         KSC LC39A
 May 15 STS-84          Shuttle         KSC LC39A
 Jul  1 STS-94          Shuttle         KSC LC39A
 Aug  7 STS-85          Shuttle         KSC LC39A
 Sep 26 STS-86          Shuttle         KSC LC39A
 Nov 19 STS-87          Shuttle         KSC LC39B

Lockheed Martin Atlas (8)

 Feb 17 AC-127          Atlas IIAS      CC LC36B
 Mar  8 AC-128          Atlas IIA       CC LC36A
 Apr 25 AC-79           Atlas I         CC LC36B
 Jul 28 AC-133          Atlas IIAS      CC LC36B
 Sep  4 AC-146          Atlas IIAS      CC LC36A
 Oct  5 AC-135          Atlas IIAS      CC LC36B
 Oct 25 AC-131          Atlas IIA       CC LC36A
 Dec  8 AC-149          Atlas IIAS      CC LC36B

Chinese Chang Zheng (6)

 May 11                 CZ-3A           Xichang LC2
 Jun 10                 CZ-3            Xichang LC1
 Aug 19                 CZ-3B           Xichang LC2
 Sep  1                 CZ-2C/SD        Taiyuan
 Oct 16                 CZ-3B           Xichang LC2
 Dec  8                 CZ-2C/SD        Taiyuan

Orbital Sciences Pegasus (5)

 Apr 21                 Pegasus XL      Gando
 Aug  1                 Pegasus XL      V RW30/12
 Aug 29                 Pegasus XL      V RW30/12
 Oct 22                 Pegasus XL      WI
 Dec 23                 Pegasus XL/HAPS WI

Lockheed Martin Titan (5)

 Feb 23 4B-24           Titan 402B/IUS  CC LC40
 Apr  4 23G-6           Titan 23G       V SLC4W
 Oct 15 4B-33           Titan 401B/Cen  CC LC40
 Oct 24 4A-18           Titan 403A      V SLC4E
 Nov  8 4A-17           Titan 401A/Cen  CC LC41

Polyot Kosmos-3M (2)

 Apr 17                 Kosmos-3M       GIK-1 LC132/1
 Sep 23                 Kosmos-3M       GIK-1 LC132

Yuzhnoe Tsiklon (2)

 Feb 14                 Tsiklon-3       GIK-1 LC32/1
 Dec  9                 Tsiklon-2       GIK-5 LC90L

Kompleks Start (2)

 Mar  4                 Start-1.2       GIK-2
 Dec 24                 Start-1         GIK-2

Arianespace Ariane 5 (1)

 Oct 30 V101            Ariane 5        CSG ELA3



.-------------------------------------------------------------------------.
|  Jonathan McDowell                 |  phone : (617) 495-7176            |
|  Harvard-Smithsonian Center for    |                                    |
|   Astrophysics                     |                                    |
|  60 Garden St, MS6                 |                                    |
|  Cambridge MA 02138                |  inter : jcm@urania.harvard.edu    |
|  USA                               |          jmcdowell@cfa.harvard.edu |
|                                                                         |
| JSR: http://hea-www.harvard.edu/QEDT/jcm/space/jsr/jsr.html             |
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[ Obsah | Novinky v kosmonautice | Archiv startů ]

Pokud není uvedeno jinak, jsou použité fotografie z NASA (viz. Using NASA Imagery) a dalších volně přístupných zdrojů.


(originál je na https://mek.kosmo.cz/novinky/starty/1997.htm)

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